New Models of Economic Development in Southeast Asia
 Dr. Trina Fizzanty   Dr. Agus Syarip   Dr. Poerwanto   Panky Tri Febiansyah   Nika Pranata   Pihri Buhaerah   Kanetasya Salsabila 
The pandemic COVID-19 has put social and physical distancing in place- as a part of health protocols. It has brought a considerable new way of people in doing business, public services and consumption’s behavior at the global practices. The crowd of people, social mobility and close physical contact are now at high risk towards human life. In addition, it also affects to people’s income, jobs, health, life satisfaction and education. This situation has triggered innovation in medical and health, exchange, communication, public services, transportation and logistics, and energy consumption, to name a few. In the coming years, the world would become greener and digitized, which elicits new opportunities for communities to support a sustainable livelihood. Within this context, revisiting a new economic model including the innovation strategy becomes imperative, to ensure the world -especially the South East Asian region, would extend the robust and sustainable economic growth and inclusive economy. This would strongly stimulate society to achieve a better quality of life, a more promising job opportunities, and more sustainable culture, environment, and ecosystem. Therefore, we need breakthrough thoughts toward a new model of economy, especially on the issues related to inclusion and inequality, rural development, innovation driven economy and knowledge-based economy, financial inclusion, trade and investment, digital economy, and enable high value-added economy.
Panel 1.1- Inclusion, Inequality and Middle Class in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.2- Rural Development in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.3- Economic Growth and Local Governance in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.4- Financial Inclusion in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.5- Globalization and Nationalism in Trade and Investment Panel in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.6- New Developmentalism in Southeast Asia
Panel 1.7- Digital and Innovation Economy in Southeast Asia

Challenge to Education Quality, New Skills, and Labour Market of Southeast Asia in the Digital Era
 Dr. Andy Ahmad Z    Ngadi   Anggi Afriansyah   Devi Asiati   Gutomo Bayu Aji   Triyono  
Digital revolution is one of the major global trends affecting societies alongside globalization and demographic change. New markets and jobs are being created, but many existing jobs are and will be eliminated, or will have to be significantly re-tooled in the production process as a result of automatization. The impact of digital transformation is forcing governments to review their educational system, what skills that need upward the line, how education can create flexible creativity and adaptive toward various risks, how workers and entrepreneurs can consistently update their skills, how disruption induced by the digital revolution can be solved by innovation, and how the state can support adequate social protection for workers in a period of massive transformation. This theme analyses the political, economic and social challenges facing education, workers, employers and labour market in the digital era, reviews how the education, innovation and use of new skills need to be adapted in the new digital work environment and analyses the impact of digital transformation to working and living conditions. We invite panels that undertake current assessments of these related issues, based on empirical evidence or the reconceptualization of educational reforms, demand for new skills and labour market in facing digital era.
Panel 2.1- Education and Teaching in 4.0 Era
Panel 2.2- Vocational Programme and Skill Mismatch
Panel 2.3- Digitalization, Future of Work, and the Consequences for Work-Related Issues
Panel 2.4- Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Panel 2.5- Social Protection and Inclusive Labour Market
Panel 2.6- Labour Market Regulation and Emerging Forms of Work

Demographic Changes and Critical Issues of Young and Elderly People in Southeast Asia
 Dr. Sri Sunarti Purwaningsih    Zainal Fatoni   Deshinta Vibriyanti   Puguh Prasetyoputra   Angga Sisca Rahadian  
The ongoing demographic change brings about tremendous opportunities and challenges. One of noticeable impacts of the change can be seen in the youth and aging population. This theme will discuss the effect of demographic change on the young and elderly people in Southeast Asia. Is it essential to invest development on health and education for young and elderly? How can nations reap their demographic dividend by providing youth employment and other policy responses? On the other side, the change of the demographic structure can influence the elderly population, which all too often be ignored. It is imperative for the governments to prepare approaches designated for healthy and active aging population, elderly protection, and also elderly care. Thus, developing strategies, policies, and programs adapted global dynamics is significantly necessary.
Panel 3.1- Demographic Change and Economic as well as Socio-Cultural Challenges in Southeast Asia
Panel 3.2- Youth Bulge and Policy Response in Southeast Asia
Panel 3.3- Implications of an Aging Population, Elderly Care and Social Workers in Southeast Asia
Panel 3.4- The Public Health Response to Aging Population in Southeast Asia
Panel 3.5- Investing Health and Education for Young and Elderly People in Southeast Asia

Cascading Disasters As a Future Challenge for Risk Management in Southeast Asia
 Dr. Rusli Cahyadi   Dr. Temi Miranda   Syarifah Dalimunthe    Intan Adhi P   Kitty Katherina 
Cascading disasters cause an evolving challenge to societal resilience. These disasters uniquely trigger social cascades that profoundly affect the social fabric and interconnectedness of communities, organizations, and institutions. The COVID-19 pandemic has made clear how difficult it is to manage a complex system of interconnected and dynamic components (transportation, healthcare, economy, education) regarding risk perception, culture, attitudes, institutional and social trust, and socio-economic contexts. In the same vein, the impacts of disasters, and in many cases their likelihood, are amplified by ongoing global trends, like rapid urbanization, intensified development in hazardous areas, increased population movements, climate change, and strong reliance on technologies. Cascading disasters require sectional, flexible, and practical responses from many interrelated actors, operating at different levels in different roles and embedded in different contexts. Effectively tackling this challenge requires moving from a reactive approach to risk management, based on predefined responses resulting from past events, to a proactive one based on the concepts of "living with uncertainty" and "envisioning the future." The panel's participants will engage with a broad range of topics of the interaction of cascading disasters and socio-cultural aspects, organizational and institutional preparedness for cascading disasters. We welcome papers from different disciplines (sociology, political science, psychology, economics, public administration, history, philosophy) and perspectives that will discuss this issue. We encourage contributions related to all aspects of cascading and concurrent events, including those that: showcase new methodologies, techniques, and statistical approaches, and illustrate how including multiple interacting hazards improves risk management.
Panel 4.1- Emerging systemic risks and cascading risks in Southeast Asia
Panel 4.2- Changing the resilience paradigm in Southeast Asia’ post- COVID-19 world
Panel 4.3- The Role of Traditional Knowledge and Social Ties in Shocks and Crises in Southeast Asia
Panel 4.4- Multi risk assessment methodology in Southeast Asia, where do we stand?
Panel 4.5- Governance and the capacity to manage systemic and cascading risk in Southeast Asia

Understanding Contemporary Society and Culture in Southeast Asia: Natural Resources and People, Digital Humanities, and COVID-19 Social Development
 Tine Suartina   Sentiela Ocktaviana   Annisa Meutia Ratri   Ranny Rastati    Ibnu Nadzir   Dr. Ikbal Maulana  

Four aspects related to the social and culture are chosen as they demonstrate significant interconnections among society, culture and development. Southeast Asia contributes fruitful knowledge on how culturally plural countries dealing with those aspects in this globalised era.

First, Natural Resource Management (NRM) holds a pivotal role regarding the inseparable relation between people and natural resources, yet besides new development, the long-term complexities resulted from modernization, overexploitation or haphazard use, interests’ conflicts, such as between people and conservation principles, still exist.

Second, the relationship of society and digital technology has been given greater and previously unimaginable significance. Nevertheless, the changes are also followed by positive and negative consequences. Such encounters indeed reshape society, culture and economic. We witness people’s improved lives, more sophisticated public administration, good governance, inclusivity and democratisation. However, digital society also brings necessities on (cyber) security, discourse about personal and public boundaries, and the culture of consumption.

Third, taking the concept of ‘digital humanities’, it is also important to understand how contemporary culture, art, history and social sciences have been shaped by the revolution in industrial and communication technology. Similar to the classics social science that was born out of the observation of cultural changes in the 19th century from modernization, current development of art and social studies is spurred by technology progress.

Fourth, the COVID19 pandemic has brought a massive and long-term effects to people, including livelihood, social and cultural ties. It is crucial to understand the magnitude of the issues and how people overcome such challenges as it differs from one place to another and closely related to the social aspect and culture. A panel is also dedicated for vulnerable-marginalised-high risk groups, including poor people, women, people with disability and whose works easily exposure to the virus, refugees and traditional and indigenous community, etc.

Panel 5.1- Dynamics of Natural Resources Management (NRM) In Southeast Asia: Policy, Strategy and Social Practices
Panel 5.2- Reshaping Society Through Digital Technology and Media: Good Governance and The Social Implication of Integrating Information in Southeast Asia
Panel 5.3- Digital Humanities: The Role of Digital and Communication Technology in Shaping Contemporary Culture, Art, And History in Southeast Asia
Panel 5.4- COVID-19 and Vulnerable, Marginalized and High-Risk Groups: Experiences in Southeast Asia
Panel 5.5- Understanding the Social Disruptions and Impacts of COVID-19 In Southeast Asia: Changes, Lessons and Strategies

Religions, Minorities, Identity, and Social Harmony in Southeast Asia
 Muhammad Saifullah Rohman   Dr. Muhammad Khoirul Muqtafa 

Identities remain both an asset and a challenge for many countries in a nowadays globalized world. Most feuds, conflicts, and even wars are, quite often, linked to cultural, ethnic, or religious background. It is necessary to build global awareness of the diversity of humankind and responsibility for cultural, ethnic, and religious aspirations. In the political context, recognition over minority rights represents the primary principles of a free and democratic society. In addition to this is the issue of gender that still remains challenging within contemporary Southeast Asian societies. Thus, forging an inclusive form of citizenship would likely to be the important key to not only maintain social harmony but also to ensure the fulfillment of the rights of all citizens. While its discourse has been discussed around the world its realization and implementation remain challenging in many countries in Southeast Asia.

In line to this is the development of digital technology that has also disrupted religious practices and thus, in many cases, challenged the established traditional religious authorities. Recent religious authorities have arisen and been facilitated by the social media which pose challenges for their traditional counterparts, whether they need to adapt to or resist it. Nowadays, people learning religion not only through conventional institutions such as madrasah or Islamic boarding schools but also by accessing many sources on digital media such as YouTube. While many have questioned the qualifications of the religious teachers/preachers in social media, the fact that their contents have been accessed by many people and, to some extent, have been influential in shaping religious understanding is the fact that an no longer be undermined. It will be interesting here to identify and discuss how this new phenomenon might offer a new perspective for us in looking at the connection between religion, social media and popular culture that have facilitated the emergence of celebrity clerics and religious political entrepreneurs in contemporary Southeast Asia.

Panel 6.1- Religion and Pop Culture: Trends and Challenges in Contemporary Southeast Asia
Panel 6.2- Religious Diversity Management in Southeast Asia: Perspective, Changes and Challenges
Panel 6.3- Religion and Gender Issues: Trends, Problems and Challenges in Southeast Asia
Panel 6.4- Religion and Minority Rights: Problems and Challenges in Crafting Inclusive Citizenship in Southeast Asia
Panel 6.5- Identity, Religion and Conflict: Past and Current Trends in Southeast Asia
Panel 6.6- Religion and The Digital Age: New Media, Digital Culture and Religious Practices

Diaspora, Migration, Pandemic, Citizenship and Human Security in Southeast Asia
 Dr. Paulus Rudolf Yuniarto   Dr. Bondan Widyatmoko 

In a world where human development opportunities differ strongly, migration both domestic and international is an important option for many people to improve their living conditions. If managed well, migration is a catalyst for inclusive economic and social development for migrants itself, for communities, and countries of residence and origin. However, migration also has a dark side, as is shown by the many problems on migratory routes and by human interaction and also exploitation. For instance, we are now living through an era of pandemic COVID-19, intense turbulence, disillusionment and bewilderment. Deepening geopolitical tensions are transforming international relations, and political tribalism is revealing deep fissures within countries. The spread of exponential technologies is upending long-held assumptions about security, politics, economics and so much more. Additionally, a growing number of migrant and diaspora people are displaced by local condition, such as climate change, pandemic, local condition, or else. The ability to fully capture the potential of migration for sustainable development depends largely on the framework conditions, including appropriate protection of the human rights of migrants and Diasporas. A critical issue in the human development will be citizenship, diaspora, migration, global health, human security.

Panel 7.1- Global and Local Challenges on Human Mobility
Panel 7.2- Human Rights and Protection of Migrant Workers
Panel 7.3- Migration, Integration, and (Dual) Citizenship
Panel 7.4- Harnessing and Connecting the Diasporas: Remittances and Development
Panel 7.5- Diaspora Struggle and Cooperation During the Global Pandemic

Democracy, Security, and Human Rights in Southeast Asia: National and Sub-National Contexts
 Dr. Muhammad Haripin   Dr. Mardyanto Wahyu Tryatmoko    Septi Satriani 

The political landscape of Southeast Asia has changed dramatically in the last decade. Democracy remains “the only game in town” in a number of region’s countries but its legitimacy as well as effectiveness have been under threat of predatory oligarchic network, military praetorianism, and sectarian violence. The region also witnessed the emergence of populist leaders that took repressive and unaccountable use of force as one of their political tools in silencing dissidents and opposition groups. Furthermore, security threats have also struck the region in fast pace and unpredictable forms. Covid-19 pandemic has exposed the region’s fragility –to not say, incapability- in overcoming such health crisis in a great scale. Strategic rivalries among extra–regional powers have also dragged the region into dangerous –yet probably inevitable- great power politics that might hamper the realization of “one identity, one community” in Southeast Asia. Against this background, it is important to pose a question whether the current political, economic, and security arrangements in Southeast Asia’s respective countries require comprehensive examinations in all their aspects. Thus, this panel attempts to examine, mainly, political change, state–society relations, and security dynamics in the region. Towards that end, this panel aims to bring forth alternative perspectives, trans–disciplinary modes of research, and innovative theoretical endeavour that could help us to better fathom the political development in contemporary Southeast Asia.

Panel 8.1- Democracy, Governance, and Digitalisation
Panel 8.2- Human Rights, Peace, and Conflict Management
Panel 8.3- Defence, Security, and Hybrid Threats
Panel 8.4- Identity Politics and Social Movement
Panel 8.5- Political Economy and Urban Politic
Panel 8.6- Election, Political Party, and Representation
Panel 8.7- Decentralisation, Regional Autonomy, and Local Politics

Foreign Policy, Diplomacy, and State Sovereignty in Contemporary Southeast Asia
 Lidya C. Sinaga   Emilia Yustiningrum   Khanisa

Southeast Asian Countries currently under challenges due to the on-going regional dynamics. Prevalent issues rise in this region whether the resident power can maintain their strategic sovereignty, either individually or collectively through ASEAN as regional institution. The Indo-Pacific as a mega-region consists of countries in Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean has brought about certain dilemmas for Southeast Asian countries in maintaining their capacity to influence the regional order. ASEAN leadership is therefore a huge question mark for many scholars and policy makers whether the coming Indo-Pacific region still belongs to the Southeast Asian countries and ASEAN as regional institution. Despite the great power rivalry between the US and China as the main feature of regional dynamics, economic-security nexus issues are crucial topics to be discussed since they will affect hedging strategy and foreign policy agenda in crafting regional order in the wider region of Indo-Pacific. Along with those agendas, there are border dispute management issues, infrastructure development, and maritime diplomacy as strategic issues in current Southeast Asia. Those issues are crucial in managing stability, connectivity, and rule-based international order in Southeast Asia. The Subtheme 9 is also going to discuss the current COVID-19 pandemic situation especially related to health diplomacy in the region. The final important topic for this subtheme is foreign policy of Southeast Asia countries in response to multiplex world order, since each of the issue is considered different from the vantage point of each country in the region.

Panel 9.1- ASEAN Leadership and The Future of Indo-Pacific
Panel 9.2- Economic-Security Nexus in Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific Regional Order
Panel 9.3- Border Dispute Management and Regional Stability in Indo-Pacific
Panel 9.4- Infrastructure Development and Economic Connectivity in Southeast Asia
Panel 9.5- Maritime Diplomacy and Rule-Based International Order in Contemporary Southeast Asia c
Panel 9.6- Health Diplomacy in Post-Covid Southeast Asia
Panel 9.7- Southeast Asia Countries’ Foreign Policy in Multiplex World